CAP VERT

Géographie

Localisation : Groupe d'iles de l'Afrique de l'Ouest; situées dans l'Atlantique Nord à 450 Km à l'ouest du Sénégal; 9 habitées, 1 inhabitée, 8 ilots

Coordonnées Géographiques : 15-17° Nord - 23-25° Ouest

Heure Locale : GMT -2
Superficie : totale = 4 033 km²; terre = 4 033 km²; eau = 0 km²
Comparaison : Corse = 8 680 km²; Canaries = 7 300 km²; Baléares = 5 000 km² (Ibiza=572Km²)
Santo Antao = 779 Km²; Sao Vicente = 227 Km²; Sao Nicolau = 388 Km²; Sal = 216 Km²; Boavista = 620 Km²; Maio = 269 Km²; Sao Tiago = 991; Fogo = 476 Km²; Brava = 67 Km² Longueur de côtes : 965 km
Eaux territoriales : measured from claimed archipelagic baselines, 12 miles nautiques
Zone d'exclusivité économique : 200 miles nautiques
Climat : tropical avec deux saisons sec de novembre à juillet, et humide d'août à octobre (<250mm d'eau). la température moyenne annuelle est aux environs de 25ºC avec with moins de 10 degrés de différence entre jour et nuit. Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
iles plates avec plages : Sal, Boavista et Maio; iles accidentées : Sao Tiago, Santo Antao, Fogo, Sao Vicente, Sao Nicolau et Brava. Point Culminant : Pico 2,829 m
Ressources Naturelles : sel, basalte, pozzuolana (a siliceous volcanic ash used to produce hydraulic cement), limestone, kaolin, poisson
Utilisation des Terres :
arable land : 11%
permanent crops : 0%
Paturages permanents : 6%
Forêts and woodland : 0%
Autres : 83% (1993 est.)
Terres Irriguées : 30 km² (1993 est.)
Natural hazards : prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active
Environment - current issues: overgrazing of livestock and improper land use such as the cultivation of crops on steep slopes has led to soil erosion; demand for wood used as fuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; overfishing
Environment - international agreements:
party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban signed, but not ratified : none of the selected agreements
Geography - note : strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Population

Population: estimée à 393 943 en July 1997 (estimée à 411 000 en 1995)
Comparaison de Population : Corse = 250 000; Canaries = 1 500 000; Baléares = 690 000;
Santo Antao = 43 845; Sao Vicente = 49 726; Sao Nicolau = 12 864; Sal = 8 451; Boavista = 3 353; Maio = 5 435; Sao Tiago = 131 500; Fogo = 33 344; Brava = 4 296 Age structure:
0-14 years: 46% (male 91,409; female 89,810)
15-64 years: 48% (male 87,868; female 100,948)
65 years and over: 6% (male 9,594; female 14,214) (July 1997 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.54% (1997 est.)
Birth rate: 35.45 births/1,000 population (1997 est.)
Death rate: 7.3 deaths/1,000 population (1997 est.)
Net migration rate: -12.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1997 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over : 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (1997 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 49.6 deaths/1,000 live births (1997 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population : 70.04 years
male: 66.76 years
female: 73.42 years (1997 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.2 children born/woman (1997 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Cape Verdean(s)
adjective: Cape Verdean
Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Religions: Roman Catholicism fused with indigenous beliefs
Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo, a blend of Portuguese and West African words
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.6%
male: 81.4%
female: 63.8% (1995 est.)

Gouvernement

Country name :
conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
conventional short form: Cape Verde
local long form: Republica de Cabo Verde
local short form: Cabo Verde
Data code : CV
Type de Gouvernement : république
Capitale : Praia
Administrative divisions: 14 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho); Boa Vista, Brava, Fogo, Maio, Paul, Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao Nicolau, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal
Indépendence : 5 Juillet 1975 (du Portugal)
National holiday : Independence Day, 5 July (1975)
Constitution : new constitution came into force 25 September 1992
Legal system : NA
Suffrage : 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch :
chief of state : President Antonio MASCARENHAS Monteiro (since 22 March 1991)
head of government : Prime Minister Carlos Alberto Wahnon de Carvalho VEIGA (since 13 January 1991)
cabinet : Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister from among the members of the People's National Assembly
elections : president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 18 February 1996 (next to be held NA February 2001); prime minister nominated by the People's National Assembly and appointed by the president
election results : Antonio MASCARENHAS Monteiro elected president; percent of vote - Antonio MASCARENHAS Monteiro (independent) 80.1%
Legislative branch : unicameral People's National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional Popular (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 17 December 1995 (next to be held NA 2000)
election results : percent of vote by party - MPD 59%, PAICV 28%, PCD 6%; seats by party - MPD 50, PAICV 21, PCD 1
Judicial branch : Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Supremo Tribunal de Justia
Political parties and leaders : Movement for Democracy or MPD [Prime Minister Carlos VEIGA, founder and chairman]; African Party for Independence of Cape Verde or PAICV [Pedro Verona Rodrigues PIRES, chairman]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD; Social Democratic Party or PSD [leader NA]
International organization participation : ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)
Diplomatic representation : Le Cap Vert a une ambassade a Paris, la France a une ambassade au Cap Vert
Diplomatic representation in the US :
chief of mission: Ambassador Alberto Santos SILVA CARLOS
chancery: 3415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
telephone: [1] (202) 965-6820
FAX: [1] (202) 965-1207
consulate(s) general: Boston
Diplomatic representation from the US :
chief of mission : Ambassador Lawrence Neal BENEDICT (17 June 1996)
embassy: Rua Abilio Macedo 81, Praia
mailing address: C. P. 201, Praia
telephone: [238] 61 56 16
FAX : [238] 61 13 55
Flag description : three horizontal bands of light blue (top, double width), white (with a horizontal red stripe in the middle third), and light blue; a circle of 10 yellow five-pointed stars is centered on the hoist end of the red stripe and extends into the upper and lower blue bands
Visa d'Accès : un visa de tourisme est obligatoire à l'exception des ressortissants des nations d'afrique de l'ouest (info 1995)

Economie

Cape Verde's low per capita GDP reflects a poor natural resource base, serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought, and a high birthrate. The economy is service oriented, with commerce, transport, and public services accounting for almost 70% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of agriculture in GNP is only 14%, of which fishing accounts for 4%. About 90% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by remittances from emigrants and foreign aid, which form important supplements to GDP. Economic reforms, launched by the new democratic government in 1991, are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy. Prospects for 1997 depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program. International banking transactions can be carried out through the Banco de Cabo Verde. Consulting and accounting services can be provided by Ernst & Young (through their Lisbon office); they should also be able to advise on appropriate local legal and other service providers. The Cape Verde oil and mining industries are key sub-sectors in the economy of the country. Electricity is provided by the parastatal utility Electra.
Oil Industry Profile Overview
The small island republic of Cape Verde has no known oil or gas reserves, either onshore or offshore and has no upstream oil industry. Its downstream oil industry is wholly dependent on refined petroleum products imported from Portugal and mainland African countries. The Cape Verde oil industry is regulated by Direcao Geral da Energia. A number of management consulting and accounting practices provide support and project services to the oil industry including Ernst and Young and MBendi Information Services, who have assisted a number of multinational and African oil companies with the development of market surveys and business strategies
PNB : produit national brut - $472 million en 1995, ($490 million en 1992)
PNB - taux de croissance réel : 4.7% (1995 est.)
PNB - par habitant : purchasing power parity - $1,000 (1995 est.)
PNB - composition sectorielle :
agriculture : 14%
industrie : 17%
services : 69% (1992 est.)
Taux d'Inflation : 7.8% en 1995, (11% en 1994)
Labor force : NA
Unemployment rate : NA %
Budget :
recettes : $253.7 million
dépenses : $276 million (FY96/97 est.)
Industries: fish processing, salt mining, garments, ship repair, food and beverages
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricité - capacité : 17 MW
Electricité - production : 15 million kWh (1991)
Electricité - consommation par habitant : 39 kWh (1991 est.)
Agriculture - productions: bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
Exportations :
montant total : $10 millions 1995 ($6,3 millions en 1994)
commodities : fish, bananas, fuels, basic manufactures
partners : Netherlands, Portugal 50%, Angola, Spain, Singapore, UK
Importations :
montant total : $211.8 million (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
commodities : foodstuffs, consumer goods, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels
partners : Portugal 45%, Netherlands, Germany, Spain, Brazil, France, Cote d'Ivoire
Dette externe : $170 million (1994)
Economic aid:
recipient: ODA, $NA
Currency: 1 Cape Verdean Escudo (CVE) = 100 centavos
Taux de change : 1 FFR = 18 CVE; 1 US$ = 100 CVE (oct 1998)
(historique) US$1 = 92.88 CVE (juin 1997), 84.770 (Dec 1996), 82.591 (1996), 76.853 (1995), 81.891 (1994), 80.427 (1993), 68.018 (1992)
Fiscal year: calendar year

Communications

Préfixe International : +238
Postes Téléphoniques : 1,740 (1987 est.)
Réseau Téléphonique :
domestic: interisland microwave radio relay system
international : 2 coaxial submarine cables; HF radiotelephone to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Stations de Radio : AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0
Postes de Radio : NA
Television broadcast stations : 1 (1987 est.)
Postes de Télévision : 7,000 (1991 est.)
Internet :
www.nsrc.org
Philatélie : timbres postes émis depuis 1877.

Transports

Compagnie Aérienne : Cabo Verde Airlines; Horaires
Chemins de Fer : 0 km
Routes : total : 1,100 km; paved: 858 km; unpaved: 242 km (1995 est.)
Ports : Mindelo, Praia, Tarrafal
Merchant marine :
total: 3 (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,032 GRT/5,966 DWT
ships by type : cargo 2, chemical tanker 1 (1996 est.)
Aéroports de plus de 3,047 m : Sal
Aéroports de 914 à 1,523 m : Sao Antao, Sao Vicente, Sao Nicolau, Boavista, Maio, Sao Tiago, Fogo, Brava (fermé)
The principal airlines which fly to Ilha do Sal, the international airport of Cape Verde are Air Portugal and South African Airways and other regional airlines

Défense

Military branches: People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARP; includes Army and Navy), Security Service
Military manpower - availability :
males age 15-49: 78,622 (1997 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males: 44,870 (1997 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure: $3.4 million (1994)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA%

Histoire

Le Cap Vert a été colonisé par les portugais au 15ème siècle et administré avec la Guinée Portugaise depuis 1879. Il est devenu une province d'outre-mer du Portugal en 1951 et devint indépendant en 1975.

Divers

Revendications - international : aucune

Illicit drugs: increasingly used as a transshipment point for illicit drugs moving from Latin America and Africa destined for Western Europe

Liens

Microsoft Expedia Maps
Sito Italiano de Cabo Verde
Português Cabo Verde Reference Page
Excite City Net : Cape Verde
Hotels and Travels in Cape Verde
Africa Hoje Anuario
Human Rights in Cape Verde
Fogo Volcano
Music
Cap Vert
Instituto de Apoio ao Emigrante
Lycos
World Factbook
World Travel Guide
World
Guide
US Consular Information
Local Artists
Meteo Praia
Travel Health



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